'Yellow-vest' protesters defy government to gather in Paris
"Yellow vest" protesters have gathered on the Champs-Elysées in Paris for a fifth consecutive weekend of demonstrations.
Thousands of police will be deployed in case of violent clashes and disruptions that have marked previous protests.
The movement began five weeks ago, initially against a rise in fuel taxes, but has since spread to take in other issues, including education reforms.
Dozens of people have already been arrested this Saturday.
However, so far the number of arrests is much lower than the 500 made around the same time last weekend.
And it emerged that a seventh person had died on Friday in an accident resulting from a blockade by protesters.
Scuffles broke out in the centre of Paris on Saturday and police fired tear gas to disperse a crowd trying to make their way through police lines.
Some shops and department stores in the city have closed for the day as the protesters defied calls by the French government urging them to stay at home.
"Last time, we were here for taxes," said 28-year-old called Jeremy told the AFP news agency.
"This is for the institutions - we want more direct democracy," he said, adding that people needed to "shout to make themselves heard".